Standards-based grading and reporting provides scholars, parents, and teachers with more detailed information about scholar learning than the traditional system of grading. Scores directly reflect scholar growth and proficiency according to academic standards (content and/or skills) and separate non-academic factors such as effort, participation, punctuality, preparation, and work completion, which are still assessed, but through more appropriate methods.
Standards Based Grading
1. Based on assessment methods (quizzes, tests, homework, projects, etc.). One grade is given per assessment.
1. Based upon learning goals and performance standards. Once grade is given per learning goal.
2. Assessments are based on a percentage system. Criteria for success may be unclear.
2. Standards are criterion or proficiency-based. Criteria and targets are made available to scholars ahead of time.
3. Use an uncertain mix of assessment, achievement, effort, and behavior to determine the final grade. May use late penalties and extra-credit.
3. Measure achievement only OR separates achievement from effort/behavior. No penalties or extra credit given.
4. Everything goes in the grade book - regardless of purpose.
4. Selected assessments (tests, quizzes, projects, etc.) are used for grading purposes.
5. Include every score, regardless of when it was collected. Assessments record the average - not the best - work.
5. Emphasize the most recent evidence of learning when grading.
Adapted from O’Connor, K. (2002). How to grade for learning: Linking grades to standards. (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Scholars will be graded on a 5-point scale (5-Advanced; 4-Accellerated; 3-Proficient; 2-Basic; 1-Limited). These grades are based on evidence of a scholar’s ability or mastery of a standard. Teachers will also assign Core Values/Effort points using the Kickboard (student management app). These grades will be based upon the 5-point scale and involve observing homework completion as well as involvement in the learning process. These grades provide a more complete picture of what scholars are demonstrating in the classroom.
The manual below provides an overview for the Lorain City School District will be implementing standards-based grading this school year.